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8.21雅思大作文解析:科研應該由政府控制和開展

essay代写是什么,美国代写,代写 举报 2021-08-26 11:33| 來源:環球教育 | 點擊量:次

摘要: 觀點類大作文,科技類話題 Scientific research should be carried out and controlled by government rather than private companies. To what extent do you agree or disagree? 題目來源:2021年8月21 日大陸雅思大作文(重復12年6月14日大陸考題) 1 題目大意 一些人認為科學研究應該由政府而不是私人企業開展和控制。是否同意? 2 思路解析 這是一道觀點類
 

觀點類大作文,科技類話題

 

Scientific research should be carried out and controlled by government rather than private companies. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

 

題目來源:2021年8月21日大陸雅思大作文(重復12年6月14日大陸考題)

essay代写是什么,美国代写,代写 举报  

1

題目大意

一些人認為科學研究應該由政府而不是私人企業開展和控制。是否同意?

 

 

2

思路解析

這是一道觀點類大作文,討論的是科學研究是否應該由政府控制而不是私人公司。要注意的是,題目中討論的限定對象“Scientific research”、“government”和“private companies”,因此要圍繞著這三點展開,這道題無論同意反對都是可以寫的,只需要明確另一方的問題闡明己方的優勢即可。下面月半鴨就和大家分別來看下政府和私人公司在科學研究上的利弊。

essay代写是什么,美国代写,代写 举报  

先來看私人公司的作用。

首先,要明確的是,私人公司是帶有盈利目的的,因此在科技研發上會追求兩件事,一是效率,二是這項技術所能帶來的市場收益。一項技術能夠帶來高收益,意味著私人公司也愿意去投入成本來研發。而且由于市場競爭的關系,私人公司只有越早研發出這項技術并投入應用,才能在市場競爭中通過先發優勢和專利壁壘獲得收益,

因此,一些技術交由私人公司研發確實會有助于加快其研發速度,減輕政府的經濟負擔。

 

但是,私人公司的問題也很明顯,因為其注重的是公司收益而非社會整體利益,因此不會愿意投入一些沒有收益的基礎科學研究,此外一些關系到人類安全或是百姓生計的研究交由一家私人公司控制也過于危險。

 

因此,這也是政府的作用。

一是一些短期內看不到市場收益但是關系到全人類進步的基礎科學應有政府控制和開展,這些研究往往跨度時間長、投入成本高,需要一直持續而且不斷試錯。

二是一些事關人類安全和民生的科學研究也應由政府掌控,比如核能、軍事技術、病毒研究等等,以此來讓這些技術的安全,不會在日常威脅到民眾的安全。

當然,讓政府掌控所有技術研發也是不現實的,因為其產生的財政和人力成本的負擔都是非常巨大的。

 

 

3

提綱

雅思作文

 

4

范文示例

Ever since the age of enlightenment, scientists are carrying out their researches. Nowadays scientific researches are regarded as one of the most significant contributors to human being’s progression. From the ownership perspective, they are either delivered by governments or private companies. I tend to agree that government should control most of the research projects.

 

Surely, private companies are famous for their high efficiency in producing and decent quality-control of the goods, which are the products of intensive business competitions. Trying to occupy a role in the market, private companies put their focus on the user-friendliness and effectiveness of their products. The safety or technology innovation property of the product always does not come first.  Sometimes even illegal compositions are used in the manufacturing process for gaining more profit.

 

The same issues are usually not found in a government-controlled project. Instead of the marketplace, countries compete in the arena of global range. Technological advancement is always the ultimate goal to pursue. Innovative ideas are easier realized in this circumstance. Also, the government has a stronger financial background to support some of the research projects that are too expensive for a private one to afford, such as the ones needing huge and precise equipment.

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Additionally, some technologies suchlike nuclear power are too dangerous to be held in private hands which could be turned into massive destruction weapons that intimidate the existence of civilizations, if controlled by the wrong group. Governments should always have full control of these scientific researches. 

 

In a nutshell, government controlled scientific research which possesses the properties of innovation and security. Also it is a responsibility for government to control all the potentially dangerous technologies.

essay代写是什么,美国代写,代写 举报  

 

5

相關詞匯和語法結構

Enlightenment啟蒙

Innovative革新的


 

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